Casino montenegro

casino montenegro

Nov. Und wer nach Ansicht von „Casino Royale“ neugierig auf den jungen Staat Montenegro geworden ist, wird sich am Ort im falschen Film. Das Hotel Splendide in Montenegro ist in Wahrheit das Grandhotel Pupp in Karlsbad, Tschechien. Dieses war auch schon Drehort für den Film „Noch einmal . Das luxuriöse Maestral Resort & Casino wurde im Jahr komplett Pržno bb, Sveti Stefan, Montenegro – Ausgezeichnete Lage - Karte anzeigen.

The great assembly of Montenegrin clans Zbor was held every year on 12 July in Cetinje, and any adult clansman could take part.

However, the Venetian Republic introduced governors who meddled in Montenegrin politics. His predecessor Petar I contributed to the unification of Montenegro with the Highlands.

Under Nicholas I , the principality was enlarged several times in the Montenegro-Turkish Wars and was recognised as independent in Under the rule of Nicholas I, diplomatic relations were established with the Ottoman Empire.

Minor border skirmishes excepted, diplomacy ushered in about 30 years of peace between the two states until the deposition of Abdul Hamid II.

The political skills of Abdul Hamid and Nicholas I played a major role in the mutually amicable relations. However, political rifts emerged between the reigning People's Party , who supported the process of democratization and union with Serbia, and those of the True People's Party , who were monarchist.

During this period, one of the major Montenegrin victories over the Ottomans occurred at the Battle of Grahovac. The glory of Montenegrin victory was soon immortalized in the songs and literature of all the South Slavs, in particular the Montenegrins in Vojvodina, then part of Austria-Hungary.

This forced the Great Powers to officially demarcate the borders between Montenegro and Ottoman Empire, de facto recognizing Montenegro's independence.

Montenegro's independence was recognized by Ottoman Empire at Treaty of Berlin in From to October , Montenegro was occupied by Austria-Hungary.

During the occupation, King Nicholas fled the country and a government-in-exile was set up in Bordeaux. In a further restructuring in , it became a part of a larger Zeta Banate of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia that reached the Neretva River.

Zeta Banovina was one of nine banovinas which formed the kingdom; it consisted of the present-day Montenegro and parts of Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia.

Italian forces occupied Montenegro and established it as a puppet Kingdom of Montenegro. In May, the Montenegrin branch of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia started preparations for an uprising planned for mid-July.

The Communist Party and its Youth League organised 6, of its members into detachments prepared for guerrilla warfare. The first armed uprising in Nazi -occupied Europe happened on 13 July in Montenegro.

Unexpectedly, the uprising took hold, and by 20 July, 32, men and women had joined the fight. In a month of fighting, the Italian army suffered 5, dead, wounded, and captured.

The uprising lasted until mid-August, when it was suppressed by a counter-offensive of 67, Italian troops brought in from Albania.

Faced with new and overwhelming Italian forces, many of the fighters laid down their arms and returned home. Nevertheless, intense guerrilla fighting lasted until December.

Fighters who remained under arms fractured into two groups. War broke out between Partisans and Chetniks during the first half of Fighting between Partisans and Chetniks continued through the war.

Chetniks with Italian backing controlled most of the country from mid to April Montenegrin Chetniks received the status of "anti-communist militia" and received weapons, ammunition, food rations, and money from Italy.

Most of them were moved to Mostar , where they fought in the Battle of Neretva against the Partisans, but were dealt a heavy defeat.

During the German operation Schwartz against the Partisans in May and June , Germans disarmed large number of Chetniks without fighting, as they feared they would turn against them in case of an Allied invasion of the Balkans.

After the capitulation of Italy in September , Partisans managed to take hold of most of Montenegro for a brief time, but Montenegro was soon occupied by German forces, and fierce fighting continued during late and entire Montenegro was liberated by the Partisans in December Montenegro, like the rest of Yugoslavia, was liberated by the Yugoslav Partisans in After the war, the infrastructure of Yugoslavia was rebuilt, industrialization began, and the University of Montenegro was established.

Greater autonomy was established until the Socialist Republic of Montenegro ratified a new constitution in The referendum was boycotted by the Muslim, Albanian, and Catholic minorities, as well as the pro-independence Montenegrins.

The opponents claimed that the poll was organized under anti- democratic conditions with widespread propaganda from the state-controlled media in favour of a pro-federation vote.

No impartial report on the fairness of the referendum was made, as it was unmonitored, unlike in when European Union observers were present.

During the — Bosnian War and Croatian War , Montenegrin police and military forces joined Serbian troops in the attacks on Dubrovnik , Croatia.

Montenegrin General Pavle Strugar was convicted for his part in the bombing of Dubrovnik. Montenegro formed its own economic policy and adopted the German Deutsche Mark as its currency and subsequently adopted the euro , although not part of the Eurozone currency union.

Subsequent governments pursued pro-independence policies, and political tensions with Serbia simmered despite the political changes in Belgrade.

Targets in Montenegro were bombed by NATO forces during Operation Allied Force in , although the extent of these attacks was very limited in both time and area affected.

In , Serbia and Montenegro came to a new agreement for continued cooperation and entered into negotiations regarding the future status of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

This resulted in the Belgrade Agreement, which saw the country's transformation into a more decentralised state union named Serbia and Montenegro in The Belgrade Agreement also contained a provision delaying any future referendum on the independence of Montenegro for at least three years.

The status of the union between Montenegro and Serbia was decided by a referendum on Montenegrin independence on 21 May A total of , votes were cast, representing Serbia, the member-states of the European Union, and the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council all recognised Montenegro's independence.

The IROM—in its preliminary report—"assessed compliance of the referendum process with OSCE commitments, Council of Europe commitments, other international standards for democratic electoral processes, and domestic legislation.

On 3 June , the Montenegrin Parliament declared the independence of Montenegro, [26] formally confirming the result of the referendum.

Serbia did not object to the declaration. In June , Montenegro formally became a member of NATO , though "Montenegro remains deeply divided over joining NATO", [32] an event that triggered a promise of retaliatory actions on the part of Russia's government.

Since , Montenegro is in negotiations with the EU. The view to acceding by [36] was revised to Montenegro ranges from high peaks along its borders with Serbia, Kosovo, [a] and Albania, a segment of the Karst of the western Balkan Peninsula, to a narrow coastal plain that is only 1.

The mountains of Montenegro include some of the most rugged terrain in Europe, averaging more than 2, metres 6, feet in elevation.

Owing to the hyperhumid climate on their western sides, the Montenegrin mountain ranges were among the most ice-eroded parts of the Balkan Peninsula during the last glacial period.

The diversity of the geological base, landscape, climate, and soil, and the position of Montenegro on the Balkan Peninsula and Adriatic Sea, created the conditions for high biological diversity, putting Montenegro among the "hot-spots" of European and world biodiversity.

The number of species per area unit index in Montenegro is 0. The Constitution of Montenegro describes the state as a " civic , democratic , ecological state of social justice , based on the reign of Law.

The President of Montenegro Montenegrin: Predsjednik Crne Gore is the head of state , elected for a period of five years through direct elections.

The President represents the country abroad, promulgates laws by ordinance, calls elections for the Parliament , proposes candidates for Prime Minister , president and justices of the Constitutional Court to the Parliament.

The President also proposes the calling of a referendum to Parliament, grants amnesty for criminal offences prescribed by the national law, confers decoration and awards and performs other constitutional duties and is a member of the Supreme Defence Council.

The official residence of the President is in Cetinje. The Government of Montenegro Montenegrin: Vlada Crne Gore is the executive branch of government authority of Montenegro.

The government is headed by the Prime Minister , and consists of the deputy prime ministers as well as ministers.

The Parliament of Montenegro Montenegrin: It passes laws, ratifies treaties, appoints the Prime Minister, ministers, and justices of all courts, adopts the budget and performs other duties as established by the Constitution.

Parliament can pass a vote of no-confidence in the Government by a simple majority. One representative is elected per 6, voters.

The present parliament contains 81 seats, with 39 seats held by the Coalition for a European Montenegro after the parliamentary election.

After the promulgation of the Declaration of Independence in the Parliament of the Republic of Montenegro on 3 June , following the independence referendum held on 21 May, the Government of the Republic of Montenegro assumed the competences of defining and conducting the foreign policy of Montenegro as a subject of international law and a sovereign state.

The implementation of this constitutional responsibility was vested in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs , which was given the task of defining the foreign policy priorities and activities needed for their implementation.

These activities are pursued in close cooperation with other state administration authorities, the President, the Speaker of the Parliament, and other relevant stakeholders.

Integration into the European Union is Montenegro's strategic goal. This process will remain in the focus of Montenegrin foreign policy in the short term.

The second strategic and equally important goal, but one attainable in a shorter time span, was joining NATO , which would guarantee stability and security for pursuing other strategic goals.

Although it only borders Albania , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Kosovo , and Serbia , Montenegro also counts former Yugoslav republics Macedonia and Slovenia as its neighbouring countries, for historical and regional reasons, as well as the neighbours of former Yugoslavia: Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Greece.

An official flag of Montenegro , based on the royal standard of King Nicholas I , was adopted on 12 July by the Montenegrin legislature. On the current flag, the border and arms are in gold and the royal cipher in the centre of the arms has been replaced with a golden lion.

The national day of 13 July marks the date in when the Congress of Berlin recognized Montenegro as the 27th independent state in the world [45] and the start of one of the first popular uprisings in Europe against the Axis Powers on 13 July in Montenegro.

In , the Montenegrin legislature selected a popular Montenegrin traditional song, " Oh, Bright Dawn of May ", as the national anthem.

The military of Montenegro is a fully professional standing army under the Ministry of Defence and is composed of the Montenegrin Ground Army , the Montenegrin Navy , and the Montenegrin Air Force , along with special forces.

Conscription was abolished in The military currently maintains a force of 1, active duty members. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the armed forces of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro ; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained practically the entire naval force.

Montenegro was a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace program and then became an official candidate for full membership in the alliance.

Montenegro applied for a Membership Action Plan on 5 November , which was granted in December Montenegro is also a member of Adriatic Charter.

This includes 21 District-level Municipalities and 2 Urban Municipalities, with two subdivisions of Podgorica municipality , listed below.

Each municipality can contain multiple cities and towns. Historically, the territory of the country was divided into "nahije".

The economy of Montenegro is mostly service-based and is in late transition to a market economy. GDP grew at However, Montenegro remained a target for foreign investment , the only country in the Balkans to increase its amount of direct foreign investment.

In , the service sector made up The Montenegrin road infrastructure is not yet at Western European standards. Despite an extensive road network, no roads are built to full motorway standards.

Construction of new motorways is considered a national priority, as they are important for uniform regional economic development and the development of Montenegro as an attractive tourist destination.

Current European routes that pass through Montenegro are E65 and E The backbone of the Montenegrin rail network is the Belgrade — Bar railway , which provides international connection towards Serbia.

Montenegro has two international airports, Podgorica Airport and Tivat Airport. The two airports served 1. Montenegro Airlines is the flag carrier of Montenegro.

The Port of Bar is Montenegro's main seaport. Initially built in , the port was almost completely destroyed during World War II , with reconstruction beginning in Today, it is equipped to handle over 5 million tons of cargo annually, though the breakup of the former Yugoslavia and the size of the Montenegrin industrial sector has resulted in the port operating at a loss and well below capacity for several years.

The reconstruction of the Belgrade-Bar railway and the proposed Belgrade-Bar motorway are expected to bring the port back up to capacity.

Montenegro has both a picturesque coast and a mountainous northern region. The country was a well-known tourist spot in the s.

Yet, the Yugoslav wars that were fought in neighbouring countries during the s crippled the tourist industry and damaged the image of Montenegro for years.

With a total of 1. National Geographic Traveler edited once in decade features Montenegro among the "50 Places of a Lifetime", and Montenegrin seaside Sveti Stefan was used as the cover for the magazine.

Montenegro was also listed in "10 Top Hot Spots of " to visit by Yahoo Travel, describing it as "Currently ranked as the second fastest growing tourism market in the world falling just behind China ".

It was not until the s that the tourism industry began to recover, and the country has since experienced a high rate of growth in the number of visits and overnight stays.

The Government of Montenegro has set the development of Montenegro as an elite tourist destination a top priority. It is a national strategy to make tourism a major contributor to the Montenegrin economy.

A number of steps were taken to attract foreign investors. According to the census, Montenegro has , citizens.

If the methodology used up to had been adopted in the census, Montenegro would officially have recorded , citizens. The results of the census show that Montenegro has , citizens.

Montenegro is multiethnic state in which no ethnic group forms a majority. The number of "Montenegrins" and "Serbs" fluctuates widely from census to census due to changes in how people perceive, experience, or choose to express, their identity and ethnic affiliation.

Ethnic composition according to the official data: The official language in Montenegro is Montenegrin. Also, Serbian , Bosnian , Albanian and Croatian are recognized in usage.

All of these languages, except Albanian, are mutually intelligible. According to the census, most citizens declared Serbian as their mother tongue.

Montenegrin is the plurality mother tongue of the population under 18 years of age, although by a very narrow margin — According to the Census the following languages are spoken in the country: Montenegro has been historically at the crossroads of multiculturalism and over centuries this has shaped its unique form of co-existence between Muslim and Christian population.

The Montenegrin Orthodox Church was recently founded and is followed by a small minority of Montenegrins although it is not in communion with any other Christian Orthodox Church as it has not been officially recognized.

Despite tensions between religious groups during the Bosnian War , Montenegro remained fairly stable, mainly due its population having a historic perspective on religious tolerance and faith diversity.

One third of Albanians are Catholics 8, in the census while the two other thirds 22, are mainly Sunni Muslims ; in a protocol passed that recognizes Islam as an official religion in Montenegro, ensures that halal foods will be served at military facilities, hospitals, dormitories and all social facilities; and that Muslim women will be permitted to wear headscarves in schools and at public institutions, as well as ensuring that Muslims have the right to take Fridays off work for the Jumu'ah Friday -prayer.

Religious determination according to the census: Education starts in either pre-schools or elementary schools. Children enroll in elementary schools Montenegrin: The students may continue their secondary education Montenegrin: Higher education lasts with a certain first degree after 3 to 6 years.

Elementary education in Montenegro is free and compulsory for all the children between the age of 7 and 15 when children attend the "eight-year school".

Various types of elementary education are available to all who qualify, but the vocational and technical schools gymnasiums , where the students follow four-year course which will take them up to the university entrance, are the most popular.

At the secondary level there are a number of art schools, apprentice schools and teacher training schools. Those who have attended the technical schools may pursue their education further at one of two-year post-secondary schools, created in response to the needs of industry and the social services.

Secondary schools are divided in three types, and children attend one depending on choice and primary school grades:. Post-graduate education post-diplomske studije is offered after tertiary level and offers Masters' degrees , PhD and specialization education.

The culture of Montenegro has been shaped by a variety of influences throughout history. The influence of Orthodox, Ottoman Turk , Slavic, Central European, and seafaring Adriatic cultures notably parts of Italy, like the Republic of Venice have been the most important in recent centuries.

Montenegro has many significant cultural and historical sites, including heritage sites from the pre- Romanesque , Gothic and Baroque periods.

The Montenegrin coastal region is especially well known for its religious monuments, including the Cathedral of Saint Tryphon in Kotor [74] Cattaro under the Venetians , the basilica of St.

Montenegro's medieval monasteries contain thousands of square metres of frescos on their walls. They are still finishing construction on the hotel so some parts of it are not complete.

It is right on the beach though and is a 5 star resort. So yep, it would seem the movie is accurate, although I don't know where the Casino is or whether in fact it exists, but certainly Bond stays at Hotel Splendid and this does exist.

I have been hundred of times to Budva. Believe, that is not what we all saw in the movie Hotel Becici its in Budva county, but Hollywood didn't go there I just double checked and there are many webs making reference to the casino royale locations and they all say the same thing:.

Casino Royale - Czech republic for Montenegro. Check this one for example: TripAdvisor staff removed this post because it did not meet TripAdvisor's forum guideline with regards to harassment of another user.

We will remove messages that include personal attacks or hostility directed at an individual user or group of users, threatening language or attempts to force a user to discontinue participation on our forums.

We remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines, and we reserve the right to remove any post for any reason.

The Czech Republic has a large movie-making industry in place based around the Barrandov Studios. There are all of the facilities that Hollywood producers need - all of the equipment and trained technicians.

I think that the Czech government also gives good tax breaks for foreigners filming in the country. I am sure that Montenegro can't offer the same level of infrastructure at the moment, so they would not be able to offer the same deal as the Czech Republic.

The only shots of Montenegro were when Bond is recuperating after his somewhat painful torture experience. The background shots were of the bay of Kotor , although the building is further down the coast near Sveti Stefan - they obviously played around with the photography.

The hotel and town shots are definitely not Montenegro, but the Czech republic. The style of buildings do not match Montenegro, which is old stone buildings morre to the old Italianate style, whereas the town shots are very much more central.

TripAdvisor staff removed this post either because the author requested it, or because it did not meet TripAdvisor's forum guidelines.

I have now done some more research. Although the movie is meant to be based in Montenegro it was actually filmed in the Czech Republic.

This seems like a very comprehensive list of shooting locations and does not include Montenegro. Too bad, but I guess they would have had to import everything they needed as Montenegro doesnt have an established film industry.

All of your saved places can be found here in My Trips. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers.

Log in Join Recently viewed Bookings Inbox. Hotel in new James Bond film "Casino Royale". Browse forums All Browse by destination.

SinceMontenegro has been governed by the Democratic Party of Socialists and its minor coalition partners. The present parliament contains 81 seats, ipl today 39 seats held by the Coalition for a European Montenegro after the parliamentary election. Owing to the hyperhumid climate on their western sides, the Montenegrin mountain ranges were among Beste Spielothek in Zurlberg finden most ice-eroded parts of the Balkan Peninsula during the last glacial period. What are the most popular tours in Serbia? We remove posts ipl today do not follow our posting guidelines, and we reserve the right to remove any post for any reason. Besides the luxury casino resorts, you uk politics also find around slot halls that poker tournaments hollywood casino joliet to slot machine enthusiasts. The coastal area is traditionally a representative of Mediterranean cuisinewith seafood being a common dish, while the northern represents more the Oriental. Anmeldelse af 2Can spilleautomat - spil 2Can slots gratis online Faroe Islands 1 autonomous country of glücksspiele Kingdom of Denmark. This includes 21 District-level Municipalities and 2 Urban Municipalities, with two subdivisions of Podgorica municipalitylisted below. Its capital Podgorica is one of the twenty-three municipalities in the country. They have contributed greatly our entire stay to be really das dschungelcamp live stream. Nähe zu Sveti Stefan. Wir haben die ausgewählten Bestätigungen an gesendet Bitte beachten Sie, dass die Übermittlung mobile porn hub E-Mails bis zu 10 Minuten dauern kann. November in London startete 1xstream.com-fußball Film am Der Offizier verlässt das Zimmer und wird daraufhin nach einer Schlägerei mit Bond von diesem erwürgt.

Casino montenegro -

Bitte wählen Sie alle Punkte aus, über die Sie mehr erfahren möchten. Am dortigen Flughafen gelingt es Bond in letzter Sekunde, ein Terrorattentat auf einen Flugzeugprototyp zu verhindern. Bitte geben Sie ein Reiseziel ein und starten so Ihre Suche. The bed was the most comfortable I've ever experienced. Die Dreharbeiten begannen am Bond kann Dimitrios als nächsten Mann hinter Mollaka ermitteln, beschattet ihn auf den Bahamas und tötet ihn letztlich in Miami. Die Stornierungs- und Eishockex ändern sich je nach Zimmerkategorie. Naturstein und Holzkonstruktionen vermitteln 1. italienische liga angenehmes Wohngefühl. Das Abendessen ist sehr wenig, geschmacklich jedoch gerade noch Zusätzlich ist die Filmfassung des Titelsongs eine andere als die Fassung der Maxi-CD, welche käuflich erworben werden kann. I had a nice, clean room with beautiful sea view, could spend whole day there Mit Facebook registrieren Mit Google registrieren. Dieselfahrern droht nun auch in der Hauptstadt ein Fahrverbot. Bewertungen gefiltert nach Ergebnis anzeigen: Beste Spielothek in Priesteblich finden Sie Ihre bevorzugte Sprache. Daniel Craig verkörpert in dem Film zum ersten Mal den Geheimagenten und ist somit der sechste Bond-Darsteller der offiziellen Filmreihe. The Hotel offers rooms and suites of modern and luxurious design casino montenegro the most up-to-date equipment. Von Investitionsstau und maroder Infrastruktur bis zu Soli und Ehegattensplitting: Die Lobby ist sehr einladend und gemütlich gestaltet. Dazu bitten wir Sie nur, ein paar Richtlinien zu beachten.

We are getting married in Budva next year so my fiance just returned from a trip there. He stayed at Hotel Splendid and said it is amazing.

We are having our wedding reception there next July. They are still finishing construction on the hotel so some parts of it are not complete.

It is right on the beach though and is a 5 star resort. So yep, it would seem the movie is accurate, although I don't know where the Casino is or whether in fact it exists, but certainly Bond stays at Hotel Splendid and this does exist.

I have been hundred of times to Budva. Believe, that is not what we all saw in the movie Hotel Becici its in Budva county, but Hollywood didn't go there I just double checked and there are many webs making reference to the casino royale locations and they all say the same thing:.

Casino Royale - Czech republic for Montenegro. Check this one for example: TripAdvisor staff removed this post because it did not meet TripAdvisor's forum guideline with regards to harassment of another user.

We will remove messages that include personal attacks or hostility directed at an individual user or group of users, threatening language or attempts to force a user to discontinue participation on our forums.

We remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines, and we reserve the right to remove any post for any reason. The Czech Republic has a large movie-making industry in place based around the Barrandov Studios.

There are all of the facilities that Hollywood producers need - all of the equipment and trained technicians. I think that the Czech government also gives good tax breaks for foreigners filming in the country.

I am sure that Montenegro can't offer the same level of infrastructure at the moment, so they would not be able to offer the same deal as the Czech Republic.

The only shots of Montenegro were when Bond is recuperating after his somewhat painful torture experience. The background shots were of the bay of Kotor , although the building is further down the coast near Sveti Stefan - they obviously played around with the photography.

The hotel and town shots are definitely not Montenegro, but the Czech republic. The style of buildings do not match Montenegro, which is old stone buildings morre to the old Italianate style, whereas the town shots are very much more central.

TripAdvisor staff removed this post either because the author requested it, or because it did not meet TripAdvisor's forum guidelines.

I have now done some more research. Although the movie is meant to be based in Montenegro it was actually filmed in the Czech Republic.

This seems like a very comprehensive list of shooting locations and does not include Montenegro. Too bad, but I guess they would have had to import everything they needed as Montenegro doesnt have an established film industry.

All of your saved places can be found here in My Trips. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers. Serbia did not object to the declaration.

In June , Montenegro formally became a member of NATO , though "Montenegro remains deeply divided over joining NATO", [32] an event that triggered a promise of retaliatory actions on the part of Russia's government.

Since , Montenegro is in negotiations with the EU. The view to acceding by [36] was revised to Montenegro ranges from high peaks along its borders with Serbia, Kosovo, [a] and Albania, a segment of the Karst of the western Balkan Peninsula, to a narrow coastal plain that is only 1.

The mountains of Montenegro include some of the most rugged terrain in Europe, averaging more than 2, metres 6, feet in elevation.

Owing to the hyperhumid climate on their western sides, the Montenegrin mountain ranges were among the most ice-eroded parts of the Balkan Peninsula during the last glacial period.

The diversity of the geological base, landscape, climate, and soil, and the position of Montenegro on the Balkan Peninsula and Adriatic Sea, created the conditions for high biological diversity, putting Montenegro among the "hot-spots" of European and world biodiversity.

The number of species per area unit index in Montenegro is 0. The Constitution of Montenegro describes the state as a " civic , democratic , ecological state of social justice , based on the reign of Law.

The President of Montenegro Montenegrin: Predsjednik Crne Gore is the head of state , elected for a period of five years through direct elections.

The President represents the country abroad, promulgates laws by ordinance, calls elections for the Parliament , proposes candidates for Prime Minister , president and justices of the Constitutional Court to the Parliament.

The President also proposes the calling of a referendum to Parliament, grants amnesty for criminal offences prescribed by the national law, confers decoration and awards and performs other constitutional duties and is a member of the Supreme Defence Council.

The official residence of the President is in Cetinje. The Government of Montenegro Montenegrin: Vlada Crne Gore is the executive branch of government authority of Montenegro.

The government is headed by the Prime Minister , and consists of the deputy prime ministers as well as ministers. The Parliament of Montenegro Montenegrin: It passes laws, ratifies treaties, appoints the Prime Minister, ministers, and justices of all courts, adopts the budget and performs other duties as established by the Constitution.

Parliament can pass a vote of no-confidence in the Government by a simple majority. One representative is elected per 6, voters.

The present parliament contains 81 seats, with 39 seats held by the Coalition for a European Montenegro after the parliamentary election.

After the promulgation of the Declaration of Independence in the Parliament of the Republic of Montenegro on 3 June , following the independence referendum held on 21 May, the Government of the Republic of Montenegro assumed the competences of defining and conducting the foreign policy of Montenegro as a subject of international law and a sovereign state.

The implementation of this constitutional responsibility was vested in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs , which was given the task of defining the foreign policy priorities and activities needed for their implementation.

These activities are pursued in close cooperation with other state administration authorities, the President, the Speaker of the Parliament, and other relevant stakeholders.

Integration into the European Union is Montenegro's strategic goal. This process will remain in the focus of Montenegrin foreign policy in the short term.

The second strategic and equally important goal, but one attainable in a shorter time span, was joining NATO , which would guarantee stability and security for pursuing other strategic goals.

Although it only borders Albania , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Kosovo , and Serbia , Montenegro also counts former Yugoslav republics Macedonia and Slovenia as its neighbouring countries, for historical and regional reasons, as well as the neighbours of former Yugoslavia: Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Greece.

An official flag of Montenegro , based on the royal standard of King Nicholas I , was adopted on 12 July by the Montenegrin legislature.

On the current flag, the border and arms are in gold and the royal cipher in the centre of the arms has been replaced with a golden lion. The national day of 13 July marks the date in when the Congress of Berlin recognized Montenegro as the 27th independent state in the world [45] and the start of one of the first popular uprisings in Europe against the Axis Powers on 13 July in Montenegro.

In , the Montenegrin legislature selected a popular Montenegrin traditional song, " Oh, Bright Dawn of May ", as the national anthem. The military of Montenegro is a fully professional standing army under the Ministry of Defence and is composed of the Montenegrin Ground Army , the Montenegrin Navy , and the Montenegrin Air Force , along with special forces.

Conscription was abolished in The military currently maintains a force of 1, active duty members. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the armed forces of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro ; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained practically the entire naval force.

Montenegro was a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace program and then became an official candidate for full membership in the alliance. Montenegro applied for a Membership Action Plan on 5 November , which was granted in December Montenegro is also a member of Adriatic Charter.

This includes 21 District-level Municipalities and 2 Urban Municipalities, with two subdivisions of Podgorica municipality , listed below.

Each municipality can contain multiple cities and towns. Historically, the territory of the country was divided into "nahije".

The economy of Montenegro is mostly service-based and is in late transition to a market economy. GDP grew at However, Montenegro remained a target for foreign investment , the only country in the Balkans to increase its amount of direct foreign investment.

In , the service sector made up The Montenegrin road infrastructure is not yet at Western European standards. Despite an extensive road network, no roads are built to full motorway standards.

Construction of new motorways is considered a national priority, as they are important for uniform regional economic development and the development of Montenegro as an attractive tourist destination.

Current European routes that pass through Montenegro are E65 and E The backbone of the Montenegrin rail network is the Belgrade — Bar railway , which provides international connection towards Serbia.

Montenegro has two international airports, Podgorica Airport and Tivat Airport. The two airports served 1. Montenegro Airlines is the flag carrier of Montenegro.

The Port of Bar is Montenegro's main seaport. Initially built in , the port was almost completely destroyed during World War II , with reconstruction beginning in Today, it is equipped to handle over 5 million tons of cargo annually, though the breakup of the former Yugoslavia and the size of the Montenegrin industrial sector has resulted in the port operating at a loss and well below capacity for several years.

The reconstruction of the Belgrade-Bar railway and the proposed Belgrade-Bar motorway are expected to bring the port back up to capacity.

Montenegro has both a picturesque coast and a mountainous northern region. The country was a well-known tourist spot in the s. Yet, the Yugoslav wars that were fought in neighbouring countries during the s crippled the tourist industry and damaged the image of Montenegro for years.

With a total of 1. National Geographic Traveler edited once in decade features Montenegro among the "50 Places of a Lifetime", and Montenegrin seaside Sveti Stefan was used as the cover for the magazine.

Montenegro was also listed in "10 Top Hot Spots of " to visit by Yahoo Travel, describing it as "Currently ranked as the second fastest growing tourism market in the world falling just behind China ".

It was not until the s that the tourism industry began to recover, and the country has since experienced a high rate of growth in the number of visits and overnight stays.

The Government of Montenegro has set the development of Montenegro as an elite tourist destination a top priority. It is a national strategy to make tourism a major contributor to the Montenegrin economy.

A number of steps were taken to attract foreign investors. According to the census, Montenegro has , citizens.

If the methodology used up to had been adopted in the census, Montenegro would officially have recorded , citizens.

The results of the census show that Montenegro has , citizens. Montenegro is multiethnic state in which no ethnic group forms a majority.

The number of "Montenegrins" and "Serbs" fluctuates widely from census to census due to changes in how people perceive, experience, or choose to express, their identity and ethnic affiliation.

Ethnic composition according to the official data: The official language in Montenegro is Montenegrin. Also, Serbian , Bosnian , Albanian and Croatian are recognized in usage.

All of these languages, except Albanian, are mutually intelligible. According to the census, most citizens declared Serbian as their mother tongue. Montenegrin is the plurality mother tongue of the population under 18 years of age, although by a very narrow margin — According to the Census the following languages are spoken in the country: Montenegro has been historically at the crossroads of multiculturalism and over centuries this has shaped its unique form of co-existence between Muslim and Christian population.

The Montenegrin Orthodox Church was recently founded and is followed by a small minority of Montenegrins although it is not in communion with any other Christian Orthodox Church as it has not been officially recognized.

Despite tensions between religious groups during the Bosnian War , Montenegro remained fairly stable, mainly due its population having a historic perspective on religious tolerance and faith diversity.

One third of Albanians are Catholics 8, in the census while the two other thirds 22, are mainly Sunni Muslims ; in a protocol passed that recognizes Islam as an official religion in Montenegro, ensures that halal foods will be served at military facilities, hospitals, dormitories and all social facilities; and that Muslim women will be permitted to wear headscarves in schools and at public institutions, as well as ensuring that Muslims have the right to take Fridays off work for the Jumu'ah Friday -prayer.

Religious determination according to the census: Education starts in either pre-schools or elementary schools. Children enroll in elementary schools Montenegrin: The students may continue their secondary education Montenegrin: Higher education lasts with a certain first degree after 3 to 6 years.

Elementary education in Montenegro is free and compulsory for all the children between the age of 7 and 15 when children attend the "eight-year school".

Various types of elementary education are available to all who qualify, but the vocational and technical schools gymnasiums , where the students follow four-year course which will take them up to the university entrance, are the most popular.

At the secondary level there are a number of art schools, apprentice schools and teacher training schools. Those who have attended the technical schools may pursue their education further at one of two-year post-secondary schools, created in response to the needs of industry and the social services.

Secondary schools are divided in three types, and children attend one depending on choice and primary school grades:. Post-graduate education post-diplomske studije is offered after tertiary level and offers Masters' degrees , PhD and specialization education.

The culture of Montenegro has been shaped by a variety of influences throughout history. The influence of Orthodox, Ottoman Turk , Slavic, Central European, and seafaring Adriatic cultures notably parts of Italy, like the Republic of Venice have been the most important in recent centuries.

Montenegro has many significant cultural and historical sites, including heritage sites from the pre- Romanesque , Gothic and Baroque periods.

The Montenegrin coastal region is especially well known for its religious monuments, including the Cathedral of Saint Tryphon in Kotor [74] Cattaro under the Venetians , the basilica of St.

Montenegro's medieval monasteries contain thousands of square metres of frescos on their walls. Montenegro's capital Podgorica and the former royal capital of Cetinje are the two most important centres of culture and the arts in the country.

The media of Montenegro refers to mass media outlets based in Montenegro. Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising , subscription , and other sales-related revenues.

The Constitution of Montenegro guarantees freedom of speech. As a country in transition , Montenegro's media system is under transformation.

Montenegrin cuisine is a result of Montenegro's long history. It is a variation of Mediterranean and Oriental. Montenegrin cuisine also varies geographically; the cuisine in the coastal area differs from the one in the northern highland region.

The coastal area is traditionally a representative of Mediterranean cuisine , with seafood being a common dish, while the northern represents more the Oriental.

The Sports in Montenegro revolves mostly around team sports, such as football , basketball , water polo , volleyball , and handball. Other sports involved are boxing , tennis , swimming , judo , karate , athletics , table tennis , and chess.

Most popular sport is football. Montenegrin national football team , founded at , played in playoffs for UEFA Euro , which is the biggest success in the history of national team.

Water polo is often considered the national sport. The Montenegro national basketball team is also known for good performances and had won a lot of medals in the past as part of the Yugoslavia national basketball team.

Montenegro participated on two Eurobaskets until now. Among women sports, the national handball team is the most successful, having won the European Championship and finishing as runners-up at the Summer Olympics.

At the Olympic Games in London, Montenegro women's national handball team won the Silver medal losing to defending World, Olympic and European Champions, Norway in an exciting match 26— This is also Montenegro's first ever Olympic medal.

Less than half a year later the team got revenge by beating Norway in the final of the European Championship , thus becoming champions for the first time.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country in Europe. For other uses, see Montenegro disambiguation and Crna Gora disambiguation.

Republic in Southeastern Europe. Duklja , Principality of Zeta , and Tribes of Montenegro. Italian governorate of Montenegro. Socialist Republic of Montenegro.

Serbia and Montenegro and Republic of Montenegro — Serbia and Montenegro and Montenegrin independence referendum, Foreign relations of Montenegro.

National symbols of Montenegro. Armed Forces of Montenegro. Municipalities of Montenegro and List of regions of Montenegro.

List of cities in Montenegro. Largest cities or towns in Montenegro census [50]. A train of Railways of Montenegro. Demographics of Montenegro and Demographic history of Montenegro.

Ethnic groups census. Orthodox Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ, Podgorica 2. Roman Catholic cathedral in Kotor 3. Public holidays in Montenegro.

The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February , but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory.

The two governments began to normalise relations in , as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from out of United Nations member states.

The official language in Montenegro shall be Montenegrin. Cyrillic and Latin alphabet shall be equal. Retrieved 12 July Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 17 August Central Intelligence Agency https: United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 14 September Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use.

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